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Location I




Map of Sancerre


Cher department on the left bank of the Loire river
Towns and villages 14-.

Bannay, Buais, Crézancy, Ménétréol, Sancerre, Saint-James, Sully-en-Vieux, Menetou-Latel, Torvenay, Vogue, Montigny, Verdigny, Saint-Satur, Vinon

The Sancerre area is composed of several small rolling hills, including the "Piton de Sancerre" (Sancerre's pinnacle) and the Loire Valley rift valley. The Cuesta (356 meters above sea level) is shaped to the west by the upper Jura system.

Two faults running from north to south, called the Sancerre and Tovne faults, bring the subducted Cretaceous and Eocene strata into contact with the Jurassic strata in the west. Intense erosion has created more than 15 different soil types and underlying strata.

The three main types are:

  • Les Terres Blanches. Located on a hill at the westernmost tip of the Sancerre district, it is made of clay-limestone.

  • Very pebbly and calcareous Les Caillottes

  • Clay siliceous soil (Les Silex) on the hilltop to the east of the vineyard.  


The western side of the 356-meter-high mountain is made up of layers from the first half of the Jurassic period. The eastern side is made up of two meridional faults (the Sancerre and Touvenay faults) that collapsed in a topography composed of Cretaceous and Eocene strata. The intense erosion has created three types of soils
White soil (calcareous clay), limestone, and red and brown marble and silicon diatomaceous earth.


The climate is continental in character, warm but with large differences in temperature, ranging from -1°C in winter to +26°C in summer. Average annual rainfall is 756 mm, and the growing season is relatively dry. It is noteworthy that the climate is subdivided by topography, geology, slope orientation, and altitude, with different growth cycles for the grapes.

Pouilly-Fume & Pouilly-sur-Loire

Pouilly-Fumé & Pouilly-sur-Loire

Map of Pouilly-Fumé & Pouilly-sur-Loire


Right bank of the Loire River in the Nièvre department (Burgundy)

Towns and villages 7

Garcy, Pouilly-sur-Loire, Tracy-sur-Loire, Mesves-sur-Loire, Saint-Drain, Saint-Martin-sur-Nohain, Saint-Laurent-Labey

Located in the Berry, Burgundy and Nivernais regions, the vineyards of Pouilly are proud to be certified by two AOCs.

Spanning seven municipalities, the vineyards are planted mainly with two varieties: Sauvignon Blanc, locally known as Blanc Fumé, and Chasselas, which enables the production of the AOC Pouilly sur Loire.

The oldest soils are from the Jurassic period, some 160 million years old.

They are calcareous sediments of marine origin, and the fossils (remains of organisms, bits of shells) they contain provide evidence of past life.

During the late Cretaceous, the region was in a period of powerful erosion. The calcareous sediments were partially dissolved, leaving a more or less clayey (siliceous clay) residue.

Western Europe was then being stretched by massive tectonic movements, resulting in the creation of the Loire rift zone.

At the same time, numerous faults in a northwesterly direction appeared, creating the undulating topography we see today.

The vineyard zones are classified into four distinctly different soil types.

  • Limestone (Caillottes) on the Oxford floor in Villers

  • Marl containing small oyster shells (Terres blanches) on the Kimmeridgian floor

  • Calcareous (Caillottes) at Barrois on the Portland floor 

  • Cretaceous siliceous clay (silex)


In this wine-growing region there are various types of soil. In Barrois and Villiers, limestone, kimmeridgian (calcareous clay) marl and flint with fossilized oysters.


The climate is continental in character, warm but with large differences in temperature, ranging from -1°C in winter to +26°C in summer. Average annual rainfall is 720mm.


Coteaux du Giennois

Coteaux du Giennois

Map of Coteaux du Journoy


Between Indre and Cher Provinces

Towns and villages 14-.

Beaulieu-sur-Loire, Beaulieu-sur-Loire, Alligny-Cosne, Gien (also famous for its pottery), La Celle-sur-Loire, Briare, Cornes-sur-Loire, Ousson, Miennes, Nouzilly-sur-Loire, Poligny, Saint-Loup, Saint Pere.

The vineyards of Coteaux du Giennois are located on the hillsides of the Loire River (left and right) within the departments of Nièvre (Burgundy) and Loiret (Centre-Loire).

The vines are planted on siliceous or calcareous soils on the hillsides of the Loire River. In addition, there are former terraces of the Loire River located in Giennes and extensions of the geological system of Sancerre and Pouilly, which are mainly calcareous to the east of the Cornes Fault and siliceous to the west with deposits of Tertiary Silex.


It is grown on flint and limestone soils on the slopes of the Loire River. Along the Loire River, in Gien, there are old terraces and the Sancerre app geology continues. Limestone is predominant to the east of the Con fault, and silica and diatomaceous soil to the west of the fault. Flint deposits have been preserved since the Tertiary period.


The climate has continental characteristics, with average temperatures ranging from -1°C in winter to +26°C in summer. Temperatures vary widely due to the low influence of the sea. Average annual rainfall is 700 mm, with the southern part of the wine-growing region receiving particularly little rainfall.




Map of Châteaumeillant


South of the Cher et de lʼlandre

Town and village 7

Châteaumeillant, Saint Maur, Vedant (in Cher department)

Champier, Huginne, Néré, Urciers (in the département of Indre)

Located south of Bourges, this very old wine-growing region produces red and rosé wines of very typical terroir (mostly white juice Gamay Noir, with up to 40% Pinot Noir in the assemblage).

The vineyards of Châteaumeillant are planted on siliceous soils that are predominantly sandy or sandy-clay. The underlying strata of the soils consist primarily of metamorphosed substrates, including sandstone, mica schist, and gneiss.


The subsoil is metamorphosed and consists of sandstone, mica, and gneiss. The upper soil is composed of sand, clay, and flint.


The climate is continental in character, with average temperatures ranging from -1°C in winter to +24°C in summer. The southern part of the wine-growing region has particularly low rainfall. Châteaumeillant has the coldest climate due to the influence of the Massif Central Plateau. The average annual rainfall is 750 mm, which is average throughout the year.



 Cabinet de Vin SAPPORO


Toshikaze OHTOKO Senior Sommelier

Exhibition Cooperation


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